IV. UNDERSTANDING THE BASIC PURPOSE OF GOD – FIRST
(GENESIS 1:26-28; MATTHEW 16:16-18; ISAIAH 46:10-11; 14:21-27; JEREMIAH 4:28; JOB 42:2; ECCLESIASTES 3:1,7; EPHESIANS 1:10-11; ISAIAH 48:11; PROVERBS 19:21)
A. THE EVOLUTION OF GOD’S PURPOSE
- The purpose of God revealed in the covenants (GENESIS 1:26-28) – the Church should illustrate these
- Warfare – Dominion or Function
- Global Glory – Reproduction
- The eight basic covenants
- Edenic covenant
- Adamic covenant
- Noahic covenant
- Abrahamic covenant
- Mosaic covenant
- Palestinian covenant
- Davidic covenant
- New covenant
B. THE EXECUTION OF GOD’S PURPOSE
- The cross is the source of mission and the message of mission.
- The cross is the hermeneutic filter through which all thought must flow.
- the cross is deadly and effective, not leaving the person to suffer, but the suffering eventually ends, and for Jesus Resurrection comes!
- The cross is the key to interpreting the covenants and the prophets.
- The cross is the dividing point of the Old and New Covenants.
C. THE ENUNCIATION OF GOD’S PURPOSE
- Extend God’s Kingdom (MATTHEW 4:17-23; ACTS 20:25; 28:23-31; HEBREWS 12:28; REVELATION 11:15)
- The establishing of Christ’s Church (EPHESIANS 5:25-32)
- Expecting Christ’s return (JOHN 14:3; I THESSALONIANS 4:16; I JOHN 2:28)
V. COVENANTAL THEOLOGY VS DISPENSATIONAL THEOLOGY
◊ One’s theological system determines one’s vision for the church ◊
A. ESTABLISHING VISION UPON SOUND THEOLOGY
- Understand covenantal theology and replacement theology
- Understand traditional dispensationalism
- Understand natural Israel’s place in God’s plan (not anti-Semitic)
- Understand how basic theology impacts one’s vision for the church
B. IDENTIFYING THE DIFFERENT SCHOOLS OF THEOLOGY
- Replacement theology
- Dominion theology
- Re-constructionist theology
- Restoration theology
- Dispensational theology
- Jewish theology
C. COVENANTAL THEOLOGY DEFINED
Covenantal theology is a theological system which views God’s plan as a single Divine purpose (essentially soteriological), namely man’s restoration to God through Christ’s redemption. Covenant is fulfilled in redemptive history in a covenant people, Israel. National Israel is later cast away because of unbelief, and the church becomes the covenant community, Spiritual Israel.
D. DISPENSATIONAL THEOLOGY DEFINED
Dispensational theology is a theological system which views God’s plan as various different administrations in redemptive history (called dispensations) in which each dispensation has a separate Divine purpose peculiar to it. This plan is seen as an interrupted progression in which God has two people with perpetually differing prophetic plans: the earthly seed, national Israel, and the heavenly seed, the church.
- Historic Dispensationalism : views the church in God’s prophetic program as awaiting the second coming of Christ. The Church is though to have no particular destiny on earth in God’s prophetic plan.
- Neo-Dispensationalism : States there is one new covenant with a two-fold application: one primarily for national Israel in the future and secondarily one to the church now. This theory says that the Christian has all the blessings of the new covenant but cannot explain how Christians receive these blessings apart from any real relationship to the New Covenant.